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URL: http://www.biomin.net/nz/species/ruminants/mycotoxins/

Mycotoxins

Fusarium culmorum

Ruminants have some capacity to protect themselves against the harmful effects of mycotoxins due to certain detoxifying action of certain ruminal microorganisms. However, modern dairy cows have a much faster passage rate of feed through the rumen, leaving less time for microorganisms to detoxify. This, combined with higher feed intake, probably means that our cows’ natural defences cannot protect them as well as often assumed.

The harmful effects of mycotoxins do not begin with animal metabolism but with the ruminal microflora which affects the efficiency and productivity of ruminal fermentations. In fact, clinical symptoms may not manifest in most practical situations but performance will be subsequently compromised, resulting in decreased yield, poor reproduction and increased lameness or mastitis.

Most countries establish strict limits for aflatoxins in milk, but legislative attention is sometimes lacking for other important groups of mycotoxins that can greatly affect profitability and animal health and welfare. Some of the most important mycotoxin groups for ruminants are:

  • Tricothecenes, including well-known mycotoxins such as DON (deoxynivalenol or vomitoxin)
  • Zearalenone
  • Ergot alkaloids

The Effects of Mycotoxins in Ruminants

Products

Mycofix®

Mycofix®

The Mycofix® product line represents specially developed feed additives that protect animal health by deactivating mycotoxins found in contaminated feed. Mycofix® is suitable for use in poultry, pig and ruminant feed as well as fish and shrimp diets.

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Mycotoxins Blog

Ruminant Media

Regional Results of Global Mycotoxin Occurrence through March 2018

Results of the BIOMIN Mycotoxin Survey conducted from January to March 2018 indicate that deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisins (FUM) are again the most common mycotoxins found in feedstuffs.

Mycotoxin Survey in US corn: May 2018 update

Mycotoxins, fungal metabolites produced by common molds capable of infecting almost all types of grains, are toxic to animals and humans. As part of the Biomin® PROcheck mycotoxin risk management...

Continuous higher threat for DON and FUM in Asia: 2017 BIOMIN Mycotoxin Survey Results for Asia

BIOMIN has conducted the Mycotoxin Survey Program annually since 2004. The accumulated number of samples is already over 75,000, which makes the program the largest worldwide data pool for mycotoxin...

Taking Mycotoxin Control to the Next Level: 5 Takeaways from the 10th World Mycotoxin Forum

The 10th edition of the World Mycotoxin Forum (WMF) was another great event that brought the industrial and scientific communities together. Over the course of the three-day event held in Amsterdam,...

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