The latest survey compiles the results of more than 30,000 analyses to give an overview of the main threats caused by the six main agricultural relevant mycotoxin groups including aflatoxins (Afla), zearalenone (ZEN), deoxynivalenol (DON), T-2 toxin (T-2), fumonisins (FUM) and ochratoxin A (OTA).
|ppb (parts per billion)||2||50||150||50||500||10|
North America registered a high mycotoxin related risk with 5 mycotoxins present at average concentrations above risk threshold. The most frequently occurring mycotoxin was DON, detected in 67% of samples.
In Central America DON was found in all samples analyzed, followed by FUM that occurred in 76% of the samples.
With 3 mycotoxins present at average concentrations above risk threshold levels, South America ranked as high risk. The highest occurring mycotoxin in this region was FUM, detected in 70% of the samples.
Europe ranked as high risk, having 4 mycotoxins at average concentrations above risk threshold levels. Samples from Europe showed the highest incidence of DON at 77% and the highest average concentration worldwide of DON at 1,288 ppb.
In Asia, DON was the most prevalent mycotoxin detected in 74% of samples, followed by FUM detected in 67% of samples. Asia registered the highest maximum concentration of DON (84,860 ppb detected in a Chinese DDSG sample) and the highest average concentration of Afla worldwide (59 ppb).
Middle East faced a high mycotoxin-related risk with 3 mycotoxins above threshold level. Samples from the Middle East showed high occurrence of FUM, OTA, ZEN and DON, detected in 84%, 62%, 54% and 53% of samples respectively. The average concentrations of these mycotoxins were all above the risk threshold.
Africa, including South Africa, faced a high mycotoxin-related risk with 3 mycotoxins averaging above threshold level. African samples showed the highest prevalence of zearalenone at 93%. Deoxynivalenol and fumonisins were also highly prevalent, each being detected in 79% of the samples analyzed.
The analysis of the 8,271 samples in this survey clearly indicated that constant monitoring of mycotoxins is important. An effective mycotoxin risk management program is essential in order to protect animals from the negative impacts of mycotoxins on animals' health and performance. The full report can be downloaded here.